Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) rechristened as Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA); CCEA approves enhanced allocation for sanitation

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New Delhi, June 7, 2012:  There is increasing medical evidence that suggests that high incidence of malnutrition is the direct result of poor sanitation and hygiene. This is the larger context against which the department of rural development, drinking water and sanitation has rechristened Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) as Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Initiative/NBA).

Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan abhiyan is significant for three reasons, the union minister, Jairam Ramesh said.

  • One, it has a focus on gram panchayats.
  • Second, financial assistance to families has been scaled up from Rs 3,500 to Rs 10,000 for setting up toilets with no standard design being prescribed.
  • Third, there is no APL/BPL distinction for selecting eligible families under this scheme.
  • Fourth, promotion of liquid/solid water management systems is envisaged.

Also read about "Defining of Difficult and Hilly areas at Para 5.4.2 under NBA" on April 30th 2013

BIG STEP
An amount of Rs 3,500 crore has been allocated for the rural sanitation programme for 2012-13, which the minister said was ‘good to start with.’

For the 12th plan period, the allocation would be Rs 35,000 crore. This is ‘a huge’ first step towards achieving the larger goal of ‘nirmal bharat,’ the minister said.

Entire political class needs to embrace this movement, which is also the most needed social reform of the time.

“We would welcome new technologies and new innovation to fuel this drive. I have had exchanged with the Bill Gates Foundation on the matter,” the minister said.

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) also gave the nod for more than doubling theamount for construction of individual household latrines from the existing Rs.4600 to nearly 10,000 rupees and also scrapped the distinction of BPL/APL families to achieve the total sanitation target in the country in the next 10 years. 

Briefing the media about the CCEA decision here, the minister said, Chief Ministers of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Haryana and Punjab have demanded fair allocation for achieving the sanitation goals. At present out of Rs.3400 allocated for individual toilets, Centre gives Rs. 2100, State’s share is Rs.1000 and Rs. 300 comes from the beneficiaries, while Rs.1200 is leveraged through MGNREGA works as was approved last year. But now after the Cabinet approval, Centre has to dole out Rs.3200, States have to give Rs.1400 and families have to provide Rs.900, while MGNREGA funds will be to the tune of Rs.4500.

Shri Ramesh informed that Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh laid stress on linking sanitation programme in 200 such districts, where the problem of mal-nutrition is acute saying there is a close link between lack of hygiene and mal-nutrition. The Minister also informed that the Planning Commission has approved Rs.36,000 crore for drinking water and sanitation programmes in the 12th Five Year Plan as opposed to Rs.7,800 crore allocated in the 11th Plan.

The Cabinet also made toilet construction mandatory for availing funds for Indira Aawas Yojana henceforth, while the Minister added that allocation for IAY will also be raised from existing Rs.45,000 to Rs.75,000 by end of July. Shri Ramesh said, for the first time solid and liquid waste management has been approved for the villages on the model of towns and cities and Gram Panchayats will get from 7 lakh rupees to 20 lakh rupees for the same depending on the size of the population. The Minister said, Sikkim has become the first Nirmal Rajya( that is hundred percent open defecation free) and this year Kerala and Himachal Pradesh will also follow suit, while Haryana has resolved to achieve the target in next two years, Punjab in next five years, and the rest of the states in 10 years time. (Source: http://www.ddws.gov.in/sites/upload_files/ddws/files/Cabinet%20approves%20enhanced%20allocation%20for%20TSC.pdf)

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IAY revised guidelines july 2012.pdf729.39 KB
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NREGA_NBA_Modification_guidelines.pdf463.33 KB
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version - 6.22-2011.05.27-01