The case study titled “Change Management & Democratisation of Water-The Tamil Nadu Experiment with Governance Reform” has been written Vibhu Nayar in India Infrastructure Report, published in 2007 by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). This paper highlights an effort to fill a long standing gap in water governance reform, initiated in the rural water supply division of the Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board (henceforth referred to as TWAD) in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The major state level utility reform exercise titled, `Democratisation of Water Management’ was launched in early 2004 and is still continuing at the time of writing this paper in June, 2006.
The case study titled “Change Management: Tamil Nadu's endeavour to secure sustainable service delivery” has been written Vibhu Nayar in India Infrastructure Report, published in 2007 by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). It presents the Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage (TWAD) Board attempt embarked upon a process to reorient attitudes and perspectives of its engineers and evolve institutional changes in the context of improving service delivery through larger participation of the user community.
“Community involvement makes waste water management a success story in a Maharashtra village” has been written Dr. S V Mapuskar in India Infrastructure Report, published in 2007 by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The case study presents the Dhamner village in Satara district of Maharashtra is an example of a success story to undertake measures to manage individual and community waste water with the goal of a cleaner and healthier village.
"Soozhal Total Sanitation Initiative" - is a case study that documents the Soozhal Network's rural sanitation initiative in the Cuddalore District of Tamil Nadu, India. Soozhal, a group of seven NGOs, launched its project in 2000, to complement one of the Government of India's Total Sanitation Campaigns (TSCs), which involved non-governmental stakeholders. The initiative has completed latrine construction for 25% of its target households in the first two years itself. Soozhal's success has influenced the Government to adopt their methodology within the non-Soozhal areas of the District TSC, which has boosted the rate of latrine construction there as well.
" Practical Guide to Triggering Community-Led Total Sanitation", written by Kamal Kar and published in November 2005 by the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, UK, is a practical guide is for use by frontline extension staff, based on experience of facilitating CLTS in at least eight different countries in South and South East Asia and in East Africa.
The article entitled, “Incredible Medepally: so clean and green” written by Usha Turaga-Revelli, a senior journalist based in Hyderabad in 25 Dec 2008 highlights that perhaps no other village is cleaner than Medepally in Khamman district of Andhra Pradesh. According to the study there is 100-per cent toilet coverage to rain water harvesting; from soak pits in every house to clean streets Medepally has done it all.
This case study describes about the 525 members of the 48 SHGs in Medepally haven't limited their good work to maintaining sanitation in the village. They have also got together to provide clean drinking water and ensure maintenance of the ground water and water purification plant set up underneath the main water tank of Medepally by the SHGs, the chief source of drinking. According to study, the women worked out cost of the purified water and also chalked out a timeframe in which to recover the money spent on the project. Today, a 20-litre can of purified water is sold at a mere one rupee. Similar sized cans bought from nearby towns come at the commercial price of Rs.40. A minimum of 300 cans are supplied to the village households in a day. This results in a monthly income of not less that Rs.10,000 to the woman's self help group.
“Sanitation and Cleanliness for a Healthy Environment”, addresses the different sanitation and hygiene needs of women and men. It gives communities information about how significant sanitation improvements can be made by better use of indigenous skills and local resources. Communities are offered a choice of affordable, safe, and environmentally sound sanitation alternatives. This booklet is designed to be an important part of a community-based initiative, stimulating communities to take charge of their sanitation development for a better life.
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"Community Sanitation Campaign: A Study in Haryana", is an article by Vikas Gupta and Mahi Pal, published in the Economic and Political Weekly (EPW) on 16th August 2008.
This case study focuses on studying the processes and outcomes of the implementation of the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) in Bhiwani district where this approach was practiced for the first time in Haryana. For evaluating the processes and outcomes of the CLTS, out of 26 villages where this approach was adopted six gram panchayats were visited and in addition to that primary data was collected from 119 households from four villages selected randomly for this purpose. The article presents a case study of a successful social acceptance of hygienic sanitation practices has led to enormous benefits for the village community.
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"Sulabh Community Latrines: 12 Million Customers Daily", is a case study on Sulabh written in 2004. Every day, Sulabh provides sanitation to 12 million people and charges a small fee, demonstrating that even poor people are willing to pay to use a clean toilet. Sulabh is running over 6,000 community centers all over India, but this is still a drop in the ocean. The founder, Bindeshwar Pathak, says that over 150,000 such centres would be needed. The service is just breaking even, but now Pathak wants to create a new organisation that will allow him to expand further.
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