Bangalore, Aug 31: Manual scavenging is still practised in parts of Karnataka with the condition of these social groups continuing to be ''pathetic and inhuman,'' a research study on the lives and problems of safai karmacharis has revealed.
Manual scavenging has not been totally eradicated and those engaged in it are yet to be fully rehabilitated, the study found.
In a Sample survey conducted by Safai Karmachari Andolan (SKA) 7630 manual scavengers and 34365 Individual Dry latrines were documented in 15 states. Some observations noted were as follows: (The detailed statewise district wise information on Manual Scavengers can be obrtained at the site http://safaikarmachariandolan.org/survey.html)
According to a new report released today by the Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) at the World Bank, African countries that transition to taking a leadership role in safe water and sanitation service delivery to the millions of people without access have an unprecedented opportunity to drastically reduce these numbers by 2015.
27 July 2011 – Top United Nations officials stressed the need to realize the human right to water and sanitation, stating that it is critical not only to a life of dignity but also to achieving progress in the areas such as poverty reduction, boosting child health and combating diseases.
In July 2010, the General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring that safe and clean drinking water and sanitation is a human right essential to the full enjoyment of life and all other human rights.
This report presents conclusions and recommendations offered at a World Water Day Learning Forum, “Making Progress on Global Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) Challenges,” held at CSIS on March 21, 2011. Sessions focused on the role of the private sector in water supply; achieving operational sustainability; the relevance of climate change adaptation programs for the WASH sector; and how to promote transparency and accountability within WASH programs.
Despite being declared illegal, the practice of manual scavenging is still rampant in certain parts of the country, even after 65 years of Independence. The pictures of manual scavengers emptying a pit of human waste at Kolar in Karnataka can disgust one.
Dealing with the extreme stench, inhaling toxic gases, it is one of the most inhuman jobs in the world. They earn Rs 100 each for cleaning a pit of human waste and the only way they bring themselves to do this is by staying dead drunk on the job.
Union Minister for Rural Development Shri Jairam Ramesh said, delay in the payment of wages to workers is the biggest problem facing Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, MGNREGA. Addressing a meeting of Parliamentary Consultative Committee on MGNREGA attached to his Ministry here last evening, he said, complaints have come mainly from states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand, where wages were not paid in some areas ranging from nine months to a year.
The vision of the Ministry is “To facilitate creation of economically vibrant, inclusive, efficient and sustainable urban habitats”.
Consistent with the vision, the Mission is to “promote cities as engines of economic growth through improvement in the quality of urban life by facilitating creation of quality urban infrastructure, with assured service levels and efficient governance”.
1.6 The objectives of the Ministry are to:
• Facilitate creation of basic urban infrastructure relating to water supply, sanitation and urban transport to improve service levels and coverage by 2017.
THis report examines the health needs and the care-seeking behaviour of poor slum residentds in two Asian cities --Indore, India and Greater Manila, Philippines. The counterpiece of the study is a qualitative investigation set in 4 slums in Indore and 2 slums in Greater Manila where in-depth interviews of slum residents and health care providers were carried out.
Bharat Nirman, a programme to build rural infrastructure, was launched by the Government of India in 2005. Phase I of the programme was implemented in the period 2005-06 to 2008-09. Phase II is being implemented from 2009-10 to 2011-12. Rural drinking water is one of the six components of Bharat Nirman.