Ecosan - a complete solution to the sanitation problem

The paper highlights various issues relating to sanitation solutions such as reasons for failure septic tanks systems and associated pollute ground water.  On the other hand, flush toilet system and the sewage system, which goes with modern day personal hygiene and cleanliness, are part of the environmental problem and not the solution. Consider the huge amount of clean water that is used to carry a small quantity of human excreta, S.Vishwanath and Chitra Vishwanath titled “Composting toilets – the future of sanitation?” writes that in such a scenario one emerging solution is a dry composting toilet.

Urban Poor's Vulnerabilities in Sanitation and Water Supply

“Understanding the Urban Poor's Vulnerabilities in Sanitation and Water Supply ", is an article written by Barbara Evans published in July 1-6, 2007 by of the Center for Sustainable Urban Development. This paper argues that one of the root causes of this exclusion has been the long-standing inability of utility and city managers and their advisers to plan and implement water and sanitation systems which respond to the reality of the lives of the urban poor.

The CPHEEO manuals on Water Supply

“CPHEEO manuals” is developed and published by The Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation (CPHEEO), is Technical Wing of the Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, and deals with the matters related to urban water supply and sanitation including solid waste management in the country. The Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, is nodal Ministry in charge of various aspects of Urban Development including Urban Water Supply and Sanitation in the Country.

Rural Sanitary Marts and Production Centres – An Evaluation

To draw lessons from the experience of RSMs and PCs operating in various states, and to formulate sustainable and replicable designs for the future, UNICEF commissioned “TARU Leading Rural Sanitary Marts and Production Centres – An Evaluation. This paper presents the results of an evaluation study of Rural Sanitary Marts (RSMs) and Production Centres (PCs) in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal in 1999. UNICEF had supported the RSM and PC initiative in these states since 1991. The key issue that was analysed by the study was the ability of RSMs and PCs to promote affordable toilets in rural areas in a financially sustainable manner.

Policy Recommendations for Community-managed Complexes in Urban Slums

This report “Community-Municipal Corporation-NGO Partnership for City-wide Pro-poor Slums’ Infrastructure Improvement” is an outcome of a joint documentation and review done by local women’s groups, Women’s Action for Village Empowerment (WAVE) Federation, the NGO Gramalaya, Tiruchirappalli City Corporation (TCC) officials and WaterAid in 2008. It has been undertaken to draw policy recommendations from the experience of community-managed toilets, and bathing and washing complexes in the slums of the city of Tiruchirappalli during July 2006. It also sought to understand the benefits of CMTs and the challenges facing this model after six years of experimentation and draw out lessons for building on this success.

The Third South Asia Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN 2008)

The Third South Asia Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN 2008), organised by Government of India, was held in New Delhi, during November 16-21, 2008, with the theme as "Sanitation for Dignity and Health".

The Third South Asia Conference on Sanitation (SACOSAN 2008), organised by Government of India, was held in New Delhi, during November 16-21, 2008, with the theme as "Sanitation for Dignity and Health".

Rural Sanitary Marts: Sustainable delivery mechanism for sanitation

The case study titled “Rural Sanitary Marts: Developing a sustainable alternate delivery mechanism for sanitation in West Bengal” has been written Alok Kumar and Sumita Ganguly in India Infrastructure Report, published in 2007 by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). It presents that the Rural Sanitary Mart (RSM) typically rural production centres and retail outlets that manufacture and market low-cost hardware and provide services was rapidly expanded and becomes sustainable over a period of time in West Bengal.

Beyond Construction: Use by All

"Beyond Construction: Use by All" is a collection of case studies from sanitation and hygiene promotion practitioners in South Asia, published in 2008, by WaterAid and the IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre.

This document has the following four case studies from India:

Sl. 10. India's national sanitation and hygiene programme: From experience to policy, West Bengal and Maharashtra models provide keys to success - Pg 126: This paper analyses the progress of the Total Sanitation Campaign being implemented in rural India, with a focus on West Bengal and Maharashtra, and draws lessons from these two states (apart from Kerala) which are in the forefront in this national campaign for total sustainable sanitation.

The Manual on the Right to Water and Sanitation

“Manual on the Right to Water and Sanitation”, developed by Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE), American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and UN-Habitat, is a tool to develop strategies for implementing the human right to water and sanitation, and will assist national and regional governments, local authorities and practitioners in their capacity as policy makers, budget-allocators, regulators and providers, to improve access of marginalised and disadvantaged communities to water and sanitation. It will also be of interest to civil society organisations that operate water and sanitation services, monitor government performance or engage in policy advocacy, international development agencies and private sector organisations dealing in water and sanitation.
The manual contains practical, affordable and sustainable strategies, policies and solutions to address the problems in realising the right to water and sanitation, and distinguishes between the challenges facing urban and rural areas, and proposes policy approaches for each that address their different circumstances.

Handbook on Community-led Total Sanitation

"Handbook on Community-led Total Sanitation", written by Kamal Kar and Robert Chambers and published by the Institute of Development Studies Sussex and Plan India in March 2008, is a manual that contains comprehensive information on Community-led Total Sanitation, its pre-triggering, triggering and post-triggering stages, as well as examples and case studies from around the world, including India. The manual will enable communities to analyse their sanitation conditions and collectively understand the impact of open defecation on public health and their environment.

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