From S. Janakarajan, Madras Institute of Development Studies (MIDS) Chennai
Posted 5 June 2007
I work with the Madras Institute of Development Studies (MIDS) in Chennai.
In recent years, there is a growing emphasis on promoting Ecological Sanitation (ecosan) due to a number of factors:
“Understanding the Urban Poor's Vulnerabilities in Sanitation and Water Supply ", is an article written by Barbara Evans published in July 1-6, 2007 by of the Center for Sustainable Urban Development. This paper argues that one of the root causes of this exclusion has been the long-standing inability of utility and city managers and their advisers to plan and implement water and sanitation systems which respond to the reality of the lives of the urban poor.
“Ecological Sanitation: Alternate systems to save water and reuse resources” has been written Sumita Ganguly and P Amudha in India Infrastructure Report, published in 2007 by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The case study presents about the two NGOs, SCOPE and MYRADA supported by UNICEF have brought ecological sanitation as a concept among rural families in Tiruchirapalli and Erode districts in Tamil Nadu through a process of discussion with Gram Panchayats and families.
The case study titled “Rural Sanitary Marts: Developing a sustainable alternate delivery mechanism for sanitation in West Bengal” has been written Alok Kumar and Sumita Ganguly in India Infrastructure Report, published in 2007 by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). It presents that the Rural Sanitary Mart (RSM) typically rural production centres and retail outlets that manufacture and market low-cost hardware and provide services was rapidly expanded and becomes sustainable over a period of time in West Bengal.
“Manual on the Right to Water and Sanitation”, developed by Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE), American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and UN-Habitat, is a tool to develop strategies for implementing the human right to water and sanitation, and will assist national and regional governments, local authorities and practitioners in their capacity as policy makers, budget-allocators, regulators and providers, to improve access of marginalised and disadvantaged communities to water and sanitation. It will also be of interest to civil society organisations that operate water and sanitation services, monitor government performance or engage in policy advocacy, international development agencies and private sector organisations dealing in water and sanitation.
The manual contains practical, affordable and sustainable strategies, policies and solutions to address the problems in realising the right to water and sanitation, and distinguishes between the challenges facing urban and rural areas, and proposes policy approaches for each that address their different circumstances.
"Training of Trainers' Manual on Community-driven Total Sanitation", is a training manual, published by Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) in October 2007, based on a training curriculum developed by Dr. Kamal Kar, initiator of community-led total sanitation in rural areas. This curriculum has been developed through extensive field testing and both the curriculum and guidance notes have been refined based on a series of policy discussions, workshops and interactions with national, state and local governments and expert practitioners in South Asia. The manual, consists of two volumes and is aimed at resource agencies engaged in training potential master trainers to facilitate and scale up community-driven total sanitation. It contains three interlinked modules: Guidance Notes, Trainers Notes and Reference Materials (on CD).
From Kulwant Singh, UN-HABITAT, New Delhi
Posted 28 August 2007
Under the Water for Asian Cities Programme, UN-HABITAT is working in four cities of Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal, Gwalior, Indore and Jabalpur) for improvement and expansion of urban water supply, sewerage and sanitation, water drainage and solid waste management. UN-HABITAT has set up a revolving fund for financing small community managed water and sanitation initiatives in the project towns of Madhya Pradesh. A set of guidelines for the revolving fund, duly endorsed by the State Government of Madhya Pradesh, have been developed for this purpose. The revolving funds are so far working quite satisfactorily.
From Avanish Kumar, Toxics Link, New Delhi
Posted 31 October 2007
Rapid urbanization has put Third World cities in an urban crisis. Municipal authorities, in third world cities, have not been able to dispose off urban waste in a scientific and eco-friendly manner. Inappropriate waste disposal technologies have only intensified the problem. Composting has been promoted as an eco-friendly and sustainable solution to urban waste management. However, experiences of composting projects have not been very good.
From Gyanendra Mishra, UDAAN, Aligarh
Posted 19 April 2007
I work for an NGO called UDAAN in Aligarh and neighbouring districts. We provide training to Gram Pradhans, motivators, village functionaries and other stakeholders on water and sanitation issues. We also support the Government in the Total Sanitation Campaign in mobilising the community for construction of low cost leach pit toilets at village level. Additionally, we implement force lift handpumps in schools to lift and store water without motor and electricity. This has made many school toilets usable, which had become defunct due to non-availability of water.
From Indira Khurana, WaterAid India, New Delhi
Posted 20 June 2007
You are aware that the Nirmal Gram Puruskar (NGP) has been instituted to “add vigour” to the Total Sanitation Campaign. In 2007, the National Committee on Nirmal Gram Puraskar selected 4,437 Gram Panchayats and Block Panchayats from 22 states for awards under NGP. The number of award winners has risen from 40 in 2005, 769 in 2006 to 4437 in 2007. These awards were given by His Excellency the President of India Shri A P J Abdul Kalam.