To draw lessons from the experience of RSMs and PCs operating in various states, and to formulate sustainable and replicable designs for the future, UNICEF commissioned “TARU Leading Rural Sanitary Marts and Production Centres – An Evaluation. This paper presents the results of an evaluation study of Rural Sanitary Marts (RSMs) and Production Centres (PCs) in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal in 1999. UNICEF had supported the RSM and PC initiative in these states since 1991. The key issue that was analysed by the study was the ability of RSMs and PCs to promote affordable toilets in rural areas in a financially sustainable manner.
This paper presents an analysis of the baseline surveys of 12 UNICEF-DFID-Assisted districts under the Child’s Environment Project in 2001. The selected districts were in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. The key parameters considered were the use of toilets within households, communication strategies used and improved hygiene practices at home.
The National Survey of Rural Community Water Supplies was carried out on behalf of United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) India by the Centre for Symbiosis of Technology, Environment and Management (STEM), Bangalore in 2000. The study conducted by STEM covered the rural areas of nine states, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh. This paper discusses the National Survey of Rural Community Water Supplies conducted in rural areas of nine major states of India.
Evaluation of the Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting Project.
Source : UNICEF
This feature has been written by R K Srinivasan in Down To Earth, a Science and Environment Fortnightly, published in 2008 by the Society for Environmental Communications, New Delhi and Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), New Delhi. The case study is about how Shyam Mohan Tyagi, a young farmer, based in Ghaziabad District, Uttar Pradesh, used manure of a community toilet and lowered his cost of cultivation.