To draw lessons from the experience of RSMs and PCs operating in various states, and to formulate sustainable and replicable designs for the future, UNICEF commissioned “TARU Leading Rural Sanitary Marts and Production Centres – An Evaluation. This paper presents the results of an evaluation study of Rural Sanitary Marts (RSMs) and Production Centres (PCs) in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal in 1999. UNICEF had supported the RSM and PC initiative in these states since 1991. The key issue that was analysed by the study was the ability of RSMs and PCs to promote affordable toilets in rural areas in a financially sustainable manner.
The case study titled “Rural Sanitary Marts: Developing a sustainable alternate delivery mechanism for sanitation in West Bengal” has been written Alok Kumar and Sumita Ganguly in India Infrastructure Report, published in 2007 by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). It presents that the Rural Sanitary Mart (RSM) typically rural production centres and retail outlets that manufacture and market low-cost hardware and provide services was rapidly expanded and becomes sustainable over a period of time in West Bengal.
"Beyond Construction: Use by All" is a collection of case studies from sanitation and hygiene promotion practitioners in South Asia, published in 2008, by WaterAid and the IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre.
This document has the following four case studies from India:
Sl. 10. India's national sanitation and hygiene programme: From experience to policy, West Bengal and Maharashtra models provide keys to success - Pg 126: This paper analyses the progress of the Total Sanitation Campaign being implemented in rural India, with a focus on West Bengal and Maharashtra, and draws lessons from these two states (apart from Kerala) which are in the forefront in this national campaign for total sustainable sanitation.
This paper presents an analysis of the baseline surveys of 12 UNICEF-DFID-Assisted districts under the Child’s Environment Project in 2001. The selected districts were in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. The key parameters considered were the use of toilets within households, communication strategies used and improved hygiene practices at home.
“Sanitation Policies", written by Myles F. Elledge, Environmental Health Project, published by IRC International Water and Sanitation Centre in May 2003, Thematic Overview Paper (TOP) is a new web-based initiative from IRC and analysis of sanitation policies from all over the world. As this TOP emphasis’s, no sanitation policy will be effectively implemented without the full involvement and participation of stakeholders at all levels. There must be belief in the policy aims and objectives, and, at the implementation end, a trusting relationship between beneficiaries and implementing agencies, a fact best illustrated here by the projects in West Bengal and Kerala, India.
“Low-cost toilets put Bengal on path to total sanitation", is an article by Nitya Jacob have been made available on the website of United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), highlights that due to Low-cost toilets all households now have toilets in East Medinipur District in West Bengal which helped to achieve its target of total sanitation in September 2006.
The case study titled “CDD-WATSAN Project in Medinipur – An Assessment, 1991-2001” has been developed and published in 2004 by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). This paper discusses the Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases-Water Sanitation (CDD-WATSAN) project carried out since 1991 in the district of Medinipur, West Bengal. A comparison of three studies — baseline, mid-term review and the final impact assessment — is presented. The key parameters considered were the use of water and sanitary facilities within households and primary schools, and improved hygiene practices at home.
“Success Stories-Sanitation and hygiene in India”, which have been developed and published by United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). It presents the success stories of Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) and its impact all across India.