The government has cut down the excise duty to 1% on baby & clinical diapers and sanitary napkins. This initiative has been welcomed by FMCG companies like Procter & Gamble Hygiene and Health Care. Read More
“Understanding the Urban Poor's Vulnerabilities in Sanitation and Water Supply ", is an article written by Barbara Evans published in July 1-6, 2007 by of the Center for Sustainable Urban Development. This paper argues that one of the root causes of this exclusion has been the long-standing inability of utility and city managers and their advisers to plan and implement water and sanitation systems which respond to the reality of the lives of the urban poor.
To draw lessons from the experience of RSMs and PCs operating in various states, and to formulate sustainable and replicable designs for the future, UNICEF commissioned “TARU Leading Rural Sanitary Marts and Production Centres – An Evaluation. This paper presents the results of an evaluation study of Rural Sanitary Marts (RSMs) and Production Centres (PCs) in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal in 1999. UNICEF had supported the RSM and PC initiative in these states since 1991. The key issue that was analysed by the study was the ability of RSMs and PCs to promote affordable toilets in rural areas in a financially sustainable manner.
The safe disposal of human waste (sanitation) by building and maintaining toilets and washing hands prevents the spread of germs and is necessary for good health. This Chapter 7 “Building Toilets”, has been taken from the resource book - A Community Guide to Environmental Health, published in 2008 by the Hesperian Foundation, is a manual that looks at the various aspects of sanitation and toilet building, including understanding sanitation needs of different groups (men, women, children, disabled), planning for toilets for rural areas, cities/towns and emergencies and looks at the various toilet options available and methods to set up each one of them.
Read the manual
"Advocacy Sourcebook: A Guide to advocacy for WSSCC co-ordinators working on the Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) campaign", published in December 2003 by WSSCC and WaterAid, is a source book that offers practical guidance on advocacy work related to water and sanitation and is a useful resource for anyone wanting to undertake advocacy work on these themes.
Read the source book (size 1.09MB)
In the early years of sewer design in the United States, it was recognized that sewers needed flushing, especially where certain reaches of sewer had an unfavorable combination of low slope and low tributary sewage flow. Flush tank mechanisms were generally installed in manholes, primarily at the upstream terminal ends of sewage mains, to facilitate the periodic flushing of the downstream mains. The public potable water system was usually the source of the water, although tide water was sometimes used.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) goal number 7 calls on governments to ensure environmental sustainability. The goal is to reduce the proportion of the people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and states as an indicator the proportion of the population using improved drinking water sources and using improved sanitation facilities. Read More
From Sarita Thakore Centre for Environment Education (CEE), Ahmedabad
Posted 27 May 2008
I work for the Centre for Environment Education. We are implementing ‘School- Water, Sanitation, Hygiene' (S-WaSH) in 21 schools of Raipur, Chhattisgarh.
From Gyanendra Mishra, UDAAN, Aligarh
Posted 19 April 2007
I work for an NGO called UDAAN in Aligarh and neighbouring districts. We provide training to Gram Pradhans, motivators, village functionaries and other stakeholders on water and sanitation issues. We also support the Government in the Total Sanitation Campaign in mobilising the community for construction of low cost leach pit toilets at village level. Additionally, we implement force lift handpumps in schools to lift and store water without motor and electricity. This has made many school toilets usable, which had become defunct due to non-availability of water.
From Bhawna Vajpai, The Loomba Trust, New Delhi
Posted 7 July 2008
I work for the UK based Loomba Trust, committed to upgrading and constructing water supply, sanitation and hygiene facilities in schools under its WASH initiatives. We aim to work in 1,000 schools across India (rural areas and small towns) in collaboration with state governments.