Individual Health and hygiene is largely dependent on adequate availability of drinking water and proper sanitation. There is, therefore, a direct relationship between water, sanitation and health. Consumption of unsafe drinking water, improper disposal of human excreta, improper environmental sanitation and lack of personal and food hygiene have been major causes of many diseases in developing countries. India is no exception to this. Prevailing High Infant Mortality Rate is also largely attributed to poor sanitation. It was in this context that the Central Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP) was launched in 1986 primarily with the objective of improving the quality of life of the rural people and also to provide privacy and dignity to women.
The study presents the revised approach in the programme which emphasizes more on Information, Education and Communication (IEC), Human Resource Development, Capacity Building and Hygiene Education for effective behaviour change or activities to increase awareness among the rural people and generation of demand for sanitary facilities with involvement of PRIs, CBOs, and NGOs etc. Also looks at "demand driven approach" is to be adopted with increased emphasis on awareness creation and demand generation for sanitary facilities in houses, schools and for cleaner environment. Particularly, the key intervention areas such as the provisions for Individual household latrines (IHHL) in TSC, School Sanitation and Hygiene Education (SSHE) and the benefits of it, Community Sanitary Complex, Anganwadi toilets supported by Rural Sanitary Marts (RSMs) and Production Centers (PCs). Hence, the strategy is to make the Programme 'community led' and 'people centered'. According to the study, the provision is made in TSC guidelines for construction of Anganwadi toilets in TSC districts. The funds shared in 60:30:10 ratio between Center, State and community. The maximum unit cost prescribed is Rs.5000 for Anganwadi toilet.
In last describes about the objectives, procedure for applying and eligibility criteria and incentive pattern that are considered while selecting PRIs for the award of NGP for districts, blocks and Gram Panchayats that have achieved full sanitation coverage.