Capacity building in the Water and Sanitation sector at times of the MDGs

Remarkable progress has been made over the last decades in the water and sanitation sector. However, still some 1.1 billion people do not have access to safe water and 2.4 billion lack access to improved sanitation services (WHO, 2000). Over 90% of the people that are currently un-served live in Asia and Africa. The existing frustration is worsened by the fact that much of the gains in service coverage have been offset by population growth and rapid urbanisation. At the start of the 21st century, global coverage for water supply and sanitation services is estimated at 82% and 60%, respectively. 
It is indisputable that the achievement of the MDGs is strongly related to the availability or absence of local capacities and the lack of capacity in low-income countries is one of the main constraints to achieving the MDGs (4th WWF, 2005; Morgan et al., 2005; UN, 2005). The importance of and need to strengthen the capacities of local actors in the water sector has been recognized for decades and the availability or lack of capacity is fundamental to maintaining and upscaling sector development (4th WWF, 2005). However, even at this moment practitioners confess to having only a limited understanding of how capacity actually develops (Morgan, et al., 2005). Furthermore, real capacity seems to be built to a very limited extend into water supply and sanitation programmes as the scope and depth of programmes have been mostly limited to thedelivery of formal training packages, and the convening of seminars and workshops to
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29-05-2015 | Posted by Admin